Right Triangles

The Good Old Pythagorean Theorem

Right triangle picture

A right triangle has one 90° angle (angle B in the picture on the left) and a variety of often-studied formulas such as:

A Right Triangle's Hypotenuse

The hypotenuse is the largest side in a right triangle and is always opposite the right angle.
(Only right triangles have a hypotenuse). The other two sides of the triangle, AC and CB are referred to as the 'legs'.

In the triangle on the left, the hypotenuse is the side AB which is opposite the right angle,

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Hypotenuse Calculator

Online tool calcualtes the hypotenuse ( or a leg) using the pythagorean theorem. (Also draws a free downloadable picture of your right Triangle!)

The pythagorean Theorem

The pythagorean theorem: The sum of the squares of the lengths of the legs equals the square of the length of the hypotenuse.

Usually, this theorem is expressed as A2+B2=C2

In the right triangle on the left, the pythagoran theorems' formula is A2+ B2 = C2

Practice Problems

Below are several practice problems involvin the pythagorean theorem, you can also get more detailed lesson on how to use the pythagorean theorem here.

Problem 1

Find the length of side t in the triangle on the left.

Substitue the two known sides into the pythagorean theorem's formula:
A² + B² = C²

Problem 2

What is the value of x in the picture on the left?

Set up the Pythagorean Theorem: br 142 + 482 = x2
2,500 =X2

Problem 3

What is the value of x in the picture on the left?

x2=212 + 722
x2 = 5,625

Problem 3

Find the length of side X in the triangle on on the left?

Substitue the two known sides into the pythagorean theorem's formula:
A² + B² = C²
8² + 6² = x²
100 = x²

Problem 4

What is x in the triangle on the left?

X2 +42=52
X2 +16=25
X2 = 25 - 16 9
X= 3