The demonstration below that shows you how to easily perform the common Rotations (ie rotation by 90 , 180 , or rotation by 270) . There is a neat 'trick' to doing these kinds of transformations. The basics steps are to graph the original point (the pre-image), then physically 'rotate' your graph paper, the new location of your point represents the coordinates of the image. It's much easier to understand these steps if you watch the visual demonstration below.
Rotations are Direct Isometries
Rotation notation is usually denoted R(_{center , degrees})
- "Center" is the 'center of rotation.' This is the point around which you are performing your mathematical rotation.
- "Degrees" stands for how many degrees you should rotate. A positive number usually by convention means counter clockwise.
A rotation is a direct isometry , which means that both the distance and orientation are preserved.
As you can see in diagram 1 below, triangle $$ \triangle ABC $$ is rotated by $$90^{\circ}$$ to its image $$ \triangle A'B'C' $$. And the distance between each of the vertices of the preimage is maintained in its image.
$ m \overline{AB} = 4 \\ m \overline{A'B'} = 4 \\ \\ m \overline{BC} = 5 \\ m \overline{B'C'} = 5 \\ \\ m \overline{CA} = 3 \\ m \overline{C'A'} = 3 $
You can also see that the orientation of the letters is preserved, i.e. that the vertices in the original shape are ordered $$ABC$$ , in clockwise order, and that the image maintains the same clockwise order, making rotations a direct isometry.
How to Rotate a Point
Examples of the Most Common Rotations
Rotation by 90° about the origin: R_{(origin, 90°)}
A rotation by 90° about the origin can be seen in the picture below in which A is rotated to its image A'. The general rule for a rotation by 90° about the origin is (A,B) (-B, A)
Rotation by 180° about the origin: R_{(origin, 180°)}
A rotation by 180° about the origin can be seen in the picture below in which A is rotated to its image A'. The general rule for a rotation by 180° about the origin is (A,B) (-A, -B)
Rotation by 270° about the origin: R_{(origin, 270°)}
A rotation by 270° about the origin can be seen in the picture below in which A is rotated to its image A'. The general rule for a rotation by 270° about the origin is (A,B) (B, -A)