There are 10 types of people in this world. Those who do understand binary and those who don't."
If the quote above doesn't make sense to you...then I'm sorry to say that you're one of the people who don't understand binary numbers. At the very least, you don't yet undersand how to read binary numbers. Hopefully, by the end of this web page the quote will make sense!
Part I. A General Method
The video below explains the general method for converting any base to a 'normal' base 10 number. Scroll down a bit to see a nice short cut that only works for converting a binary to a base 10 number.
Part II. A Quicker Way to Convert Binary to Decimal
This method leverages the fact that binary numbers only have a '1' or '0' in each digit which allows for quick conversions to base 10.
Practice I Problems
The long way. You can skip to the shortcut method here
Answer: 1+0+0+8 = 9
Answer: 0+ 0+ +4+8 = 12
Answer: 1+0+4+8 = 13
Practice II Problems
The shortcut method
Answer: 1 + 4 + 16 = 21
Answer: 4 + 16 + 64 = 84
Answer: 2 + 16 + 64 + 128 = 210
Answer: 2 + 8 + 16 + 64 + 256 = 346