
Scientific Notation and Standard Form
Formula, practice problems
Scientific notation is just a short hand way of expressing gigantic numbers like 1,300,000 or incredibly small numbers like 0.0000000000045. Also known as exponential form, scientific notation has been one of the oldest mathematical approaches. It is favored by many practicioners. If numbers are too big or too small to be simply calculated, people reffer to scientific notation to handle these circumstances. This method is used by engineers, mathematicians, scientists.
An example of scientific notation is 1.3
×10^{6}
which is just a different way of expressing the standard notation of the number 1,300,000. Standard notation is the normal way of writing numbers.
Key Vocabulary
 mantissa = this is the integer or first digit in any Scientific Notation. For example in 1.3 ×10^{6}, the mantissa is the "1"
Other examples:
 1.2 ×10^{14} the positive exponent indicates a large number
 4.22×10^{11}
 7.89 × 10^{21} the negative exponent indicates a small number
General Formula of Scientific Notation
The general from of a number in scientific notation is
a ×10^{n} where 1 ≤ a ≤ 10 and n is an integer. In other words the number that we'll call "a" is is multiplied by 10, raised to some exponent n. This number "a" must be no smaller than 1 and no larger than 10. To illustrate this definition examine the following:
1.4 ×10^{4} is a
proper example of scientific notation because
1.4, which is "a" in this example, is not smaller than 1 and not larger than 10 so it's ok.
10's exponent is the integer 4.
.9 ×10^{4} is a NOT
proper example because
.9 which is "a" in this example, is smaller than 1 which is not allowed in scientific notation
3.34 ×10^{½ } is a NOT
proper example because
10's exponent is not an integer.
4.34 ×10^{55} is a proper example because
4.34, which is "a" in this example, is not smaller than 1 and not larger than 10
10's exponent is the integer 55. Integers can be negative
Scientific Notation 
Standard Form 
1.23 ×10^{2}

123 
1.23 × 10^{3} 
1,230 
1.23 ×10^{4} 
12,300 
1.23 × 10^{5} 
123,000 
1.23 ×10^{6}

1,230,000 
Convert Scientific Notation to standard form
In the following sentences, convert from scientific notation to standard form. 
Practice Problems


Answer 
Scientific Notation 
Standard Form 
1.303 •10^{5} 
130,300 
9.43 •10^{4} 
94,300 
3.423 •10^{7} 
34,230,000 
3.23 •10^{6} 
3,230,000 
6.003 •10^{9} 
6,003,000,000 
Convert standard to Scientific NotationPractice Problems
In the following sentences, convert from standard form to scientific notation.

Answer 
Standard Form 
Scientific Notation 
19,300 
1.9•10^{4} 
200,000^{} 
2.0•10^{5} 
3,013,000,000^{} 
3.013•10^{9} 
12,000,000,000^{} 
1.2•10^{10} 
130,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 
1.3•10^{23} 
In the following sentences, state whether or not the given number is in Scientific Notation and explain your answer.

Answer 
Scientific Notation ??? 
Standard Form 
1) 13 •10^{5} 
1) No because 13 is greater than 10 and Scientific Notation's initial number must be between 1 and 10 
2) 1.3 •10^{5} 
2) Yes, this is proper scientific notation 
3) 3.423 •10^{90909090} 
3) Yes, proper Scientific Notation. 
4) 3.23 •10^{6} 
4) Yes, no one said that you couldn't have negative exponents in your Sceintific Notation. 
5) 931 •10^{9} 
5) No! You can have negative exponents but your first number (931 in this case) still must be between 1 and 10 
