The Exterior, Interior and Remote Interior Angles
In a triangle, each exterior angle has two remote interior angles (see picture below). The remote interior angles are just the two angles that are inside the triangle and opposite from the exterior angle.
$$ \angle 1 + \angle 2 = 180° \\ \angle 2 = 180 - 110 = 70 $$
for Remote Interior Angles and Exterior Angles
As the picture below shows, an exterior angle (A) equals the sum of the remote interior angles.
To rephrase it, the angle 'outside the triangle' (exterior angle A) equals D + C (the sum of the remote interior angles).
of Remote and Exterior Angles of a Triangle
The interactive program below allows you to drag the points of the triangle around. Notice that the sum of the remote interior angles (C and D) equal the measure of exterior angle A.
Since X and, $$ \angle J $$ are remote interior angles in relation to the 120° angle, you can use the formula.
120 = 45 + x
120- 45 = x
75° = x.
Now, since the sum of all interior angles of a triangle is 180°. You can solve for Y
75 + 45 + y = 180
120 + Y = 180
Y = 60